The PM is reported to have berated OPDO that ‘if one scratches one of your sides, you are OPDO, and when one scratches the other side, olymp trade review promo you are OLF (Oromo Liberation Front)–two sides of the same coin.” One participant is said to have responded: “the bottom line is, we are Oromo.” At that cantankerous meeting, President Negasso is quoted as having told PM Meles that the more he observed his behavior lately, “the more he looked to him like Mengistu Hailemariam.” Those were tough words hurled at the PM. There was yet another drama with TPLF’s puppet Oromo party called OPDO (Oromo Peoples Democratic Front), which boasts of having one of its own, Dr Negasso Gidada, as the titular President or head of state of the TPLF regime in Ethiopia. The maturation of ethnonational liberation movements (the Oromo, Eritrean, and Tigrayan liberation movements) in the 1980s, the crisis in the military leadership and the change in international politics led to the collapse of Colonel Mengistu Haile Maryam’s regime in May 1991. Among other things, the close collaboration between the Eritrean and the Tigrayan movements and the support the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) received from the United States and the Sudan enabled the TPLF to organize its subsidiary organizations and replace the military government.
The convergence of longstanding contradictions with contemporary political crisis has provided new momentum for the Oromo national movement. This dominant role was played, for similar purposes, by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and the 1980s. However, this shift in alliance from the West to the East, necessitated by the crisis the empire experienced in the 1970s, changed the nature of Ethiopian colonialism only in the reorganization and reconsolidation of the Ethiopian colonial state, and in that colonial subjects were oppressed and exploited more intensely. European imperialism and Ethiopian settler colonialism intensified the process of wealth and capital accumulation by means of plunder and noncapitalist and capitalist labor-recruitment systems. A wing of the Ethiopian police, known as the ‘special forces’ were called in to break up a riot which erupted when a peaceful demonstration turned into a violent protest, The scenes I witnessed in the Arat Kilo area of Addis Ababa can only be described as brutal.
This in itself proves that if there were to be a good government that demonstrated equality for all, there would be few who would want to break away. We do not know who originated the name Galla, only that it obtained currency through the writings of Ethiopian religious scholars and colonial agents such as Abba Bahrey. In point of fact, as I have noted frequently in my earlier writings on these themes, what we have in the top echelons of EPLF and TPLF is tragically a generation committed to Death to Ethiopia, whereas their forebears were dedicated to the cause of Ethiopia or Death. And, of course, he and his comrades have already helped sever a portion of Ethiopian people and territory including its natural seacoasts for the creation of EPLF-Eritrea, for whose cause they have struggled for the last quarter century. Even the bitter dissident comrades in his own Tigrayan camp have not yet gone that far. A number of his once loyal entourage and comrades-in-arms as well as ambassadors, ministers and long-time supporters have abandoned his camp and are calling for fair and democratic elections in the hope that he will go out quietly. Allan, Pat and I packed ourselves into our Kia rental and high-tailed it out of Columbus.
Though the longest jump during training sessions was reportedly an unbelievable 360 feet, the Soviet Union’s gold medal jumper nabbed the number one spot with a jump that topped out at 231.3 feet. The TPLF regime used the political turmoil within its ranks as a pretext to kill and repress students and virtually wipe out a budding alternative party formation called Ethiopians’ Democratic Party (EDP). On the one hand, the adoption of a transitional charter providing basic human rights, freedom of association and expression, the right of ethnonations to self-determination, and the formation of a democratic state indicated political change. (The official adoption of the name Ethiopia for the Abyssinian Empire actually took place in the early 1930s.’3) In this study, however, the terms Abyssinia and Ethiopia are used interchangeably to indicate the homeland of the Amharas and the Tigrayans, and the terms Abyssinians or Habashas or Ethiopians refer to these two peoples. All our instruments, Indices, FX, Crypto and more in one place.